Basic characteristics of repair
Preference for self-correction
Other-initiated repair occurs at end of turn
organized as adjacency pairs
initiated with varying forms of specificity, ranging from “Huh?” to “What do you mean by…?”
highly concentrated in their placement
can occur after any turn
can involve multiple sequences if initial attempt does not resolve trouble
completed in no more than three tries; after three, the effort is usually abandoned
Sacks, H., Schegloff, E. A., & Jefferson, G. (1974). A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language, 50(4), 696–735.
Schegloff, E. A. (2007). Sequence organization in interaction: A primer in conversation analysis, vol 1. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Schegloff, E. A., Jefferson, G., & Sacks, H. (1977). The preference for self-correction in the organization of repair in conversation. Language, 53(2), 361–381.
Suchman, L. A. (2002). Human-machine reconfigurations: Plans and situated actions(2nd ed.). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.